E-ISSN 2534-9821
 

Original Research 


A prospective study of ECG anomalies and treadmill test results in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus

Prabhat Kumar Sinha, Anamika Sinha.

Abstract
Background: The American Diabetes Association (ADA), the European Society of Cardiology, and the European Association for the Study of Diabetes all urge routine ECG monitoring in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) who have hypertension or another cardiovascular condition (CVD). There is little data on the prevalence of ECG abnormalities in T2DM patients.
Materials and methods: For one year, 100 individuals were studied at Darbhanga Medical College Hospital, Darbhanga, Bihar, divided into diabetes (n=50) and non-diabetes (n=50) groups. Fasting and postprandial blood sugar, glycosylated haemoglobin (HbA1c), lipid profile (fasting and postprandial), electrocardiography (ECG), and treadmill test (TMT) were all measured in all patients.
Results: Both groups had a comparable age and gender distribution. The most prevalent ECG abnormalities in the diabetic group were ST depression and T wave inversion (24%), LAE (20%), LVH (8%), RBBB (4%) and LBBB (4%). In the diabetic group, the majority of patients with aberrant postprandial lipid profiles exhibited positive TMT.
Conclusion: Diabetes patients reported greater ECG abnormalities, and the majority were TMT positive.

Key words: ST elevation, post prandial lipid levels, treadmill test, left atrial enlargement


 
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Pubmed Style

Sinha PK, Sinha A. A prospective study of ECG anomalies and treadmill test results in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Int J Med Rev Case Rep. 2022; 6(16): 36-38. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.172-1663870239


Web Style

Sinha PK, Sinha A. A prospective study of ECG anomalies and treadmill test results in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. https://www.mdpub.net/?mno=116626 [Access: February 05, 2023]. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.172-1663870239


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Sinha PK, Sinha A. A prospective study of ECG anomalies and treadmill test results in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Int J Med Rev Case Rep. 2022; 6(16): 36-38. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.172-1663870239



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Sinha PK, Sinha A. A prospective study of ECG anomalies and treadmill test results in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Int J Med Rev Case Rep. (2022), [cited February 05, 2023]; 6(16): 36-38. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.172-1663870239



Harvard Style

Sinha, P. K. & Sinha, . A. (2022) A prospective study of ECG anomalies and treadmill test results in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Int J Med Rev Case Rep, 6 (16), 36-38. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.172-1663870239



Turabian Style

Sinha, Prabhat Kumar, and Anamika Sinha. 2022. A prospective study of ECG anomalies and treadmill test results in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. International Journal of Medical Reviews and Case Reports, 6 (16), 36-38. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.172-1663870239



Chicago Style

Sinha, Prabhat Kumar, and Anamika Sinha. "A prospective study of ECG anomalies and treadmill test results in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus." International Journal of Medical Reviews and Case Reports 6 (2022), 36-38. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.172-1663870239



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Sinha, Prabhat Kumar, and Anamika Sinha. "A prospective study of ECG anomalies and treadmill test results in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus." International Journal of Medical Reviews and Case Reports 6.16 (2022), 36-38. Print. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.172-1663870239



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Sinha, P. K. & Sinha, . A. (2022) A prospective study of ECG anomalies and treadmill test results in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. International Journal of Medical Reviews and Case Reports, 6 (16), 36-38. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.172-1663870239