E-ISSN 2534-9821
 

Review Article 


Anaesthesia Techniques for Middle Ear Surgery: A Comprehensive Review from the Current Literature

Eddy Bawono.

Abstract
Background:
The success of middle ear surgery needs adequate anaesthesia, which can be from general or local anaesthesia. General and local anaesthesia have their advantages and disadvantages. Otolaryngologist needs to consider the use of local or general anaesthesia which have a different approach for each case.
Discussion:
Pre-operative assessment is an important measure, considering size, delicate contents of the middle ear, and its unique location. Special consideration might be given to patients with comorbidities. The ideal target for every surgeon is to minimize bleeding. Considering the history of anaemia, cardiovascular disease, and hypovolemia can reduce the chance for hypotension. It is essential to avoid nausea and vomiting post-surgery, with minimal opioid usage for analgesia and adequate hydration. General and local anaesthesia is very different anaesthetic modality. Each of them has its advantages and disadvantages.
Conclusions:
Careful consideration is needed for anaesthesia in middle ear surgery, especially the patient health history, anaesthetic agents, and environment. Otolaryngologist needs to consider the use of general or local anaesthesia, which has a different case approach.

Key words: anesthesia, middle ear surgery


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Eddy Bawono. Anaesthesia Techniques for Middle Ear Surgery: A Comprehensive Review from the Current Literature. Int J Med Rev Case Rep. 2021; 5(12): 18-19. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.Middle-EarSurgery-INDONESIA


Web Style

Eddy Bawono. Anaesthesia Techniques for Middle Ear Surgery: A Comprehensive Review from the Current Literature. https://www.mdpub.net/?mno=81903 [Access: June 12, 2022]. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.Middle-EarSurgery-INDONESIA


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Eddy Bawono. Anaesthesia Techniques for Middle Ear Surgery: A Comprehensive Review from the Current Literature. Int J Med Rev Case Rep. 2021; 5(12): 18-19. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.Middle-EarSurgery-INDONESIA



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Eddy Bawono. Anaesthesia Techniques for Middle Ear Surgery: A Comprehensive Review from the Current Literature. Int J Med Rev Case Rep. (2021), [cited June 12, 2022]; 5(12): 18-19. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.Middle-EarSurgery-INDONESIA



Harvard Style

Eddy Bawono (2021) Anaesthesia Techniques for Middle Ear Surgery: A Comprehensive Review from the Current Literature. Int J Med Rev Case Rep, 5 (12), 18-19. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.Middle-EarSurgery-INDONESIA



Turabian Style

Eddy Bawono. 2021. Anaesthesia Techniques for Middle Ear Surgery: A Comprehensive Review from the Current Literature. International Journal of Medical Reviews and Case Reports, 5 (12), 18-19. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.Middle-EarSurgery-INDONESIA



Chicago Style

Eddy Bawono. "Anaesthesia Techniques for Middle Ear Surgery: A Comprehensive Review from the Current Literature." International Journal of Medical Reviews and Case Reports 5 (2021), 18-19. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.Middle-EarSurgery-INDONESIA



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Eddy Bawono. "Anaesthesia Techniques for Middle Ear Surgery: A Comprehensive Review from the Current Literature." International Journal of Medical Reviews and Case Reports 5.12 (2021), 18-19. Print. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.Middle-EarSurgery-INDONESIA



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Eddy Bawono (2021) Anaesthesia Techniques for Middle Ear Surgery: A Comprehensive Review from the Current Literature. International Journal of Medical Reviews and Case Reports, 5 (12), 18-19. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.Middle-EarSurgery-INDONESIA