E-ISSN 2534-9821
 

Original Article 


The prognosis of impacted maxillary canines and orthodontic management

Farid Bourzgui, Samir Diouny, Mohamed Mokrane Khazana, Zineb Serhier, Mohamed Bennani Othman.

Abstract
Background: The orthodontic treatment of impacted maxillary canine is a major challenge for orthodontics, the treatment of which usually requires an interdisciplinary approach. If treatment is not initiated, there is always a risk of retention and also resorption of the roots of permanent incisors.
Aim: The objective of this study was to assess the orthodontic treatment of impacted maxillary canines in Moroccan patients.
he PIDAQ was cross-culturally adapted into Malay version by forward- and backwards-translation processes,
followed by psychometric validation
Methods : A cross-sectional study was conducted on 34 consecutive patients with impacted maxillary canines (23 females and 11 males) aged 9- 36 years (mean 21 years) from December 2015 to February 2016. Our analysis incorporated patients’ files, including clinical observation, X-ray imaging and iconography of good quality of patients. All the data were collected from an information collection sheet by a single operator. The assessment of the degree of difficulty of disinclusion of impacted teeth was revealed following the sector and angulation methods.
Results: The circumstances in which inclusions were found were dominated (58.8%) by the reason for consultation in relation to delayed eruption or persistence of deciduous canine teeth. 61.9% of practitioners considered the difficulty of traction of the canines in this series as moderate to difficult. The assessment of the difficulty of placement of the retained teeth was revealed by 2 methods: (1) sector and (2) angulation methods. The sector technique showed that the majority of patients (52.9%) revealed canine inclusions in sector 4. The angulation method ranged from 21° to 82° with an average of 55.9°. The failure rate of placement represented 23.5%.
Conclusion: The successful management of impacted canine requires close cooperation of oral surgeons and orthodontists. In this study, successful treatment was possible in approximately 76.5% of impacted canines and the sector method associated with the angulation method on the orthopantomogram could help orthodontists to assess the prognosis of included canines.

Key words: Impacted canines, diagnostic imaging, Radiography, Panoramic, Orthodontic Extrusion, orthodontic techniques, Corrective methods


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Bourzgui F, Diouny S, Khazana MM, Serhier Z, Othman MB. The prognosis of impacted maxillary canines and orthodontic management. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.prognosis-impacted-maxillary-canines


Web Style

Bourzgui F, Diouny S, Khazana MM, Serhier Z, Othman MB. The prognosis of impacted maxillary canines and orthodontic management. http://www.mdpub.net/?mno=116732 [Access: March 09, 2021]. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.prognosis-impacted-maxillary-canines


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Bourzgui F, Diouny S, Khazana MM, Serhier Z, Othman MB. The prognosis of impacted maxillary canines and orthodontic management. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.prognosis-impacted-maxillary-canines



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Bourzgui F, Diouny S, Khazana MM, Serhier Z, Othman MB. The prognosis of impacted maxillary canines and orthodontic management. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.prognosis-impacted-maxillary-canines



Harvard Style

Bourzgui, F., Diouny, . S., Khazana, . M. M., Serhier, . Z. & Othman, . M. B. (2021) The prognosis of impacted maxillary canines and orthodontic management. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.prognosis-impacted-maxillary-canines



Turabian Style

Bourzgui, Farid, Samir Diouny, Mohamed Mokrane Khazana, Zineb Serhier, and Mohamed Bennani Othman. 2021. The prognosis of impacted maxillary canines and orthodontic management. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.prognosis-impacted-maxillary-canines



Chicago Style

Bourzgui, Farid, Samir Diouny, Mohamed Mokrane Khazana, Zineb Serhier, and Mohamed Bennani Othman. "The prognosis of impacted maxillary canines and orthodontic management." doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.prognosis-impacted-maxillary-canines



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Bourzgui, Farid, Samir Diouny, Mohamed Mokrane Khazana, Zineb Serhier, and Mohamed Bennani Othman. "The prognosis of impacted maxillary canines and orthodontic management." doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.prognosis-impacted-maxillary-canines



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Bourzgui, F., Diouny, . S., Khazana, . M. M., Serhier, . Z. & Othman, . M. B. (2021) The prognosis of impacted maxillary canines and orthodontic management. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.prognosis-impacted-maxillary-canines