E-ISSN 2534-9821
 

Review Article 


Myocarditis: A COVID-19 induced cardiovascular complication

Giovanca Verentzia Purnama, I Gede Purna Weisnawa, I Komang Hotra Adiputra, Richard Christian Suteja, Cokorda Agung Wahyu Purnamasidhi.

Abstract
In late 2019, a pneumonia-like disease later known as SARS-CoV-2 was found in Wuhan, China. This disease was transmitted via droplets and spread rapidly worldwide. SARS-CoV-2 binds to ACE-2 receptors in the lungs, triggering pneumonia and both local and systemic inflammation. On some occasions, COVID-19 patients may suffer complications such as myocarditis due to systemic inflammatory effects or direct invasion of ACE-2-receptor expressing heart cells. Underlying cardiovascular diseases may also be exacerbated by the presence of COVID-19-induced myocarditis, thus increasing morbidity and mortality rate. Early biomarkers may include an elevated troponin level, later manifested as an acute coronary syndrome or other cardiac disease. Until now, there was no definitive treatment for COVID-19-induced myocarditis. Therefore, early recognition and supportive care may improve patients' conditions and decrease the mortality rate.

Key words: Myocarditis, COVID-19, Pathophysiology, Diagnostic, Treatment


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Purnama GV, Weisnawa IGP, Adiputra IKH, Suteja RC, Purnamasidhi CAW. Myocarditis: A COVID-19 induced cardiovascular complication. Int J Med Rev Case Rep. 2021; 5(14): 15-17. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.MYOCARDITISACOVID-19INDUCEDCARDIOVASCULARCOMPLICATION


Web Style

Purnama GV, Weisnawa IGP, Adiputra IKH, Suteja RC, Purnamasidhi CAW. Myocarditis: A COVID-19 induced cardiovascular complication. http://www.mdpub.net/?mno=91149 [Access: December 31, 2021]. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.MYOCARDITISACOVID-19INDUCEDCARDIOVASCULARCOMPLICATION


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Purnama GV, Weisnawa IGP, Adiputra IKH, Suteja RC, Purnamasidhi CAW. Myocarditis: A COVID-19 induced cardiovascular complication. Int J Med Rev Case Rep. 2021; 5(14): 15-17. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.MYOCARDITISACOVID-19INDUCEDCARDIOVASCULARCOMPLICATION



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Purnama GV, Weisnawa IGP, Adiputra IKH, Suteja RC, Purnamasidhi CAW. Myocarditis: A COVID-19 induced cardiovascular complication. Int J Med Rev Case Rep. (2021), [cited December 31, 2021]; 5(14): 15-17. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.MYOCARDITISACOVID-19INDUCEDCARDIOVASCULARCOMPLICATION



Harvard Style

Purnama, G. V., Weisnawa, . I. G. P., Adiputra, . I. K. H., Suteja, . R. C. & Purnamasidhi, . C. A. W. (2021) Myocarditis: A COVID-19 induced cardiovascular complication. Int J Med Rev Case Rep, 5 (14), 15-17. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.MYOCARDITISACOVID-19INDUCEDCARDIOVASCULARCOMPLICATION



Turabian Style

Purnama, Giovanca Verentzia, I Gede Purna Weisnawa, I Komang Hotra Adiputra, Richard Christian Suteja, and Cokorda Agung Wahyu Purnamasidhi. 2021. Myocarditis: A COVID-19 induced cardiovascular complication. International Journal of Medical Reviews and Case Reports, 5 (14), 15-17. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.MYOCARDITISACOVID-19INDUCEDCARDIOVASCULARCOMPLICATION



Chicago Style

Purnama, Giovanca Verentzia, I Gede Purna Weisnawa, I Komang Hotra Adiputra, Richard Christian Suteja, and Cokorda Agung Wahyu Purnamasidhi. "Myocarditis: A COVID-19 induced cardiovascular complication." International Journal of Medical Reviews and Case Reports 5 (2021), 15-17. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.MYOCARDITISACOVID-19INDUCEDCARDIOVASCULARCOMPLICATION



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Purnama, Giovanca Verentzia, I Gede Purna Weisnawa, I Komang Hotra Adiputra, Richard Christian Suteja, and Cokorda Agung Wahyu Purnamasidhi. "Myocarditis: A COVID-19 induced cardiovascular complication." International Journal of Medical Reviews and Case Reports 5.14 (2021), 15-17. Print. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.MYOCARDITISACOVID-19INDUCEDCARDIOVASCULARCOMPLICATION



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Purnama, G. V., Weisnawa, . I. G. P., Adiputra, . I. K. H., Suteja, . R. C. & Purnamasidhi, . C. A. W. (2021) Myocarditis: A COVID-19 induced cardiovascular complication. International Journal of Medical Reviews and Case Reports, 5 (14), 15-17. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.MYOCARDITISACOVID-19INDUCEDCARDIOVASCULARCOMPLICATION